CV stands for ‘curriculum vitae’ which is a brief overview of your skills, qualifications, experiences and employment history. Having a CV is extremely important as it is the first opportunity to grab the attention of the employer by selling your strengths. Get noticed = get an interview.

A cover letter accompanies a CV. It’s purpose is to provide additional relevant information on why you are applying for the position, how you are suitable for the position and why you would like to work for that employer. It is an opportunity to make a good impression on the employer/business.

Application forms are used by businesses to help them in the recruitment selection process. A job seeker will out a form if they wish to be considered for the advertised position. An application form will highlight your skills, qualifications and personal experiences and offer you the chance to make a good first impression.

How important is a CV,Cover Letter

or Application Form


A good strong CV is the difference between rejection or being offered an interview. The way you present your CV reflects the way you present yourself, so first impressions count. Having an effective CV that highlights your strengths, skills and experiences will boost your chances in gaining the attention of the reader and securing an interview.

Cover Letter

Your cover letter is highly important as it’s your first opportunity to set yourself apart from other candidates. This is a chance to introduce yourself and sell your CV engaging and impressing the reader persuades them to read your CV and hopefully offer you an interview.

Application Form

An application form is used by businesses to filter candidates. A business will ask set questions allowing them to gain specific information rather than information they are told by a candidates CV or cover letter. If you have to fill out an application form when applying for a job position use your CV as a reference point and expand the content in you answers. It is highly important to fill in any application form properly and comprehensively this will be your only chance to impress the employer.

Section breakdown…

    1. How important is a CV and Cover Letter?

    2. What to include and exclude in your CV?

    3. What to include and exclude in your Cover Letter?

    4. tSpace’s top 5 tips

    5. Useful links

tSpace Tip:

There is going to be a lot of applicants applying for the same job position as you… Make sure you CV & Cover Letter or Application Form stands out from the crowd.




What to include in your CV

It is highly important that you get each element of your CV right as this information will be seen first by a possible employer before they decide whether they will offer you an interview.

Your CV needs to be factual, simple and effective:
  • Use bullet points to avoid long chunks of text

  • Use standard English grammar

  • Format your summary into sections, so it is easy to read, understand and absorb

  • List your relevant qualifications, work history and experience

  • Keep your CV down to 1-2 pages

  • Write a short 2-3 lined opening summary about yourself, skills and career goals

  • Update your CV with your professional achievements regularly

  • Tailor your CV to the applied job role so the information you are stating is relevant to the position

  • Do not include a photograph of yourself

  • Do not include your age, height, nationally, religion and political views

  • Do not use an unprofessional email address  e.g. or

  • Do not use slang words or abbreviations

  • Do not send your CV with typos or spelling errors

  • Do not lie on your CV, you will get found out

  • Do not leave gaps, you want your CV to flow

  • Do not see it as writing an essay, keep it simple, short and snappy

  • Do not include inappropriate personal information

What to exclude in your CV

Once you have completed your CV, check and double check it again. Ensure you have included the correct information and excluded the inappropriate information.

Your CV should not include any elements that may be offensive, unprofessional and inappropriate


Don’t be disheartened if you don’t get offered an interview straight away, keep trying, applying & staying positive.

What to include in your Cover Letter

To compliment your CV and to ensure it is viewed, your cover letter needs to capture the attention of the employer from the moment they read it.

Your cover letter needs to be short, simple and effective:
  • Provide information on why you qualify for the job role (include relevant information)

  • Explain your reasons for your interest in the job position and working for the specific employer

  • Keep your cover letter short and snappy. It is not an essay, it’s a summary of what your have to offer

  • Ensure your cover letter is relevant to the job role and company

  •  Keep your Cover Letter to the format of three parts: The Introduction, The Body, The Conclusion

  • Do not repeat all the information that is in your CV, you can pick out elements but do not just copy it

  • Do not try and be funny, cute or rude, you must keep it very sleek and professional

  • Do not overuse the word ‘I’ a cover letter is not a story about yourself it should be about how you can meet the employers job requirements

  • Do not send your Cover Letter with typos, mis-spelling, incorrect grammar or slang language, keep to a professional letter etiquette

  • Do not expect them to give you an interview if your Cover Letter is boring and unimaginative, you need to stand out and capture the reader

Want a little help and guidance? Download some free C.V and Cover Letter templates!

What to exclude in your Cover letter

Before you send your CV and cover letter off re-read it to ensure you have captured the correct information that reflects you, your skills and abilities.

tSpace’s Top 5 Tips

Once you have created your CV use our top 5 tips to ensure your CV is looking great,

Ensure you have used the correct format

Is the information clear and simple to read?
Have you used bullet points to cut down chunks of text?
Is the information in sections?
Are those sections titled?

Ensure you have listed the correct information

Have you stated your name? Contact information?
Employment history? Skills? Education background?
Relevant interests? References?

Ensure you have highlighted your personal achievements and skills

Have you stated your achievements?
Have you highlighted your professional skills?
Have you left out your under achievements?
Is your CV reflecting you in the way you want it to?

Ensure the information you are stating is correct

Is your contact information up-to-date?
Have you included truthful information?
Have you missed any key achievements out?
Is your email address professional?

Ensure you have thoroughly checked your CV

Have you re-read it?
Have you checked for spelling mistakes?
Have you checked for typos?
Does everything make sense?
Have you checked and double checked?
Have you asked someone else to look over it for you?


Your CV is complete and ready to be sent out to possible employers.
Nice one.


Tailor your CV to the applied job role so the information you are stating is relevant to the position

What next?

Want to put your C.V and Cover Letter to use? these links will help...


Time to brush up on those interview skills? Visit our helpful section with the best interview hints and tips.


Now you have your CV, click the job link to find some top tips on job seeking

Useful Links

Here are a few useful national and local links

Eat That Frog

Eat That Frog supports young people in Torbay & South Devon by offering a range of activities, qualifications and skills. Eat That offers a free Pre-Employment course which includes writing a  CV.